Significance of Activated Carbon in Waste Water Treatment
Activated carbon is used to manufacture carbonaceous source materials including coconuts, nutshells, coal, peat, and wood. It has a large internal surface of 500–1500 m2/g, making it ideal for adsorption. It comes in two variations, PAC and GAC, and is mostly used in water treatment.
Due to its many surfaces and highly porous structure, activated carbon is a special adsorbent that can be used to extract pollutants from wastewater at a low cost.
In general, activated carbon can be produced from a variety of feedstocks containing carbonaceous elements, such as plant parts, industrial wastes, and agricultural wastes.
By using various methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), the feedstocks, a charred sample, and the activated carbon were each characterized.
In this study, activated carbon is examined for its ability to adsorb dye molecules and heavy metal ions, as well as various isotherms, thermodynamic considerations, and kinetic models. While the surface of the activated carbons showed larger gaps and a rougher texture, the study of SEM confirmed the smooth surface of the raw materials.
For additional information about our activated carbons, PAC (powdered activated carbon), GAC (granular activated carbons), and EAC (extruded activated carbons/pellets), get in touch with us.