Production and Use of an Activated Carbon

Production of Activated Carbon:

Activated carbon can be made from a variety of sources, including hard coal (anthracite coal), coconut shells, brown coal, and wood. Activated carbon is typically produced using the steam activation process for cost reasons. The raw material is activated by hot steam under a vacuum in a furnace at temperatures ranging from 900 to 1100 °C during this process. The material cannot burn because there is no oxygen present. Instead, the heat significantly increases the internal surface of the material. This activated carbon can then be processed for a variety of applications.

What is the Function of the Activated Carbon Powder?

The manufacturing of activated carbon has different adsorption properties depending on the carbon type used. Odour molecules are trapped inside the activated carbon structure and organic compounds are adsorbed once air passes through the carbon filter. See the yellow marks in the diagram above. The airflow also reduces the capacity of the filter. This is analogous, for example, to a battery connected to an appliance. The airflow rate (measured in m3/h) has an effect on the filter's service life. The pressure drop of the filter, i.e. the resistance of the carbon to the airflow, has the greatest influence on the airflow rate.

Adsorption Efficiency

The iodine number in mg/g of carbon or the CTC value is used to express activated carbon capacity. This value is used in quality testing to represent the activity of carbon tetrachloride in activated carbon. Because it can absorb more organic compounds, the higher the CTC value, the more efficient the filter. Increasing the duration of airflow through activated carbon (contact time) improves adsorption. The thickness of the carbon bed is thus a deciding factor, but the pressure drop also increases as the thickness of the carbon bed increases.

Granulated Activated Charcoal

Stone pine wood turned into activated charcoal is very light after activation. It has a bulk density of approximately 200-250 g per liter of volume. Granulated materials can achieve maximum CTC values of 50-55%. The maximum iodine uptake is typically 500-950 mg/g. The low values are due to the low specific weight of the raw material and the fact that wood cannot withstand high temperatures in the furnace for an extended period of time. Coal deteriorates and becomes porous. Advantages include a low cost, high availability, and good initial adsorption characteristics.

Shells of Activated Coconut

Activated coconut shells have excellent adsorption properties and are used for the filtration of volatile gases such as acetone, gasoline, and so on. The natural fibrous structure of the shells is thought to be responsible for their high filtration performance. Pellets of activated coconut shells are also available. They have an iodine adsorption capacity of up to 1250 mg/g and a maximum CTC value of 50-65%. Depending on the activation time, the bulk density ranges between 420 and 500 g/l. The disadvantages include a high price, a scarcity of raw materials whose supply is dependent on harvest, and a high-pressure drop with granulated activated carbon.

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Air and Gas Purification

Activated carbon products have a variety of applications in air and gas purification. We manufacture the product with the highest quality suitable for the application of air purification, vapor recovery, purification of bio gas, and air quality maintenance. Many manufacturing plants including chemical, food processing, and petrochemical have a wide application of air purification, powdered activated carbon products are used here. Activated carbon products are used for gas purification processes like removal of contaminants, purification of intermediate gas products, and purification of gaseous products.

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Water Treatment

Our highest-quality activated carbon offers the perfect solution for water treatment. The top application of our powdered activated carbon for water purification includes dechlorination of drinking water, removal of effluent water, toxic material separation, oil removal and separation, and organics removal. Our product is suitable for both commercial and domestic water treatment applications. We select the best product as per your requirement. Contact us to buy activated powder of best quality from us.

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Pharmaceuticals Industry

Activated carbon products have a range of applications in the pharmaceutical industry. The main application of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry includes the purification of raw materials used in producing pharmaceutical products and the purification of the final product. Activated carbons products are used for the removal of odor compounds, removal of the color compound, and removal of contaminants.

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In the mining process, gold recovery is crucial, and activated carbon products are used in the process of gold recovery. We at JMB Chemical have special-grade activated carbon made for gold recovery. Our activated carbon products are made with the right process and materials that assure the right rate of absorption. Our products are best suited for the application of good recovery as they have high density, inherent hardness, low platelet, and soft particle content.

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Bio gas Industry

Our activated carbon products are used to remove unwanted compounds from biogas like siloxanes, hydrogen sulfide, and volatile organic compounds. Our customized activated carbon products for biogas purification are designed to effectively remove the impurities from the biogas.

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Mercury Removal

The petroleum industry is one of the major consumers of powdered activated carbon products and our products have been exported in various countries for removing mercury. Activated carbon is best suited for removing mercury from LNG and petrochemicals. The removal of mercury is essential in the manufacturing of LNG. The activated carbon mixed with Sulphur and the mercury is deposited, which can be removed easily due to chemical reaction. Consult us to buy best activated carbon in India or outside.

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Food & Beverages


Activated carbon products are used widely to improve the appearance and odor of food products. Activated carbon products are used from starting to finished products. Majorly it is used to remove odors, bad tastes, and persistent color stability. Applications in food products include decolorization and improving sensory attributes of liquid sugar before final usage. Decolorization of cane sugar syrup, purification of ingredients of alcoholic beverages, decolorization of starch based products are other applications.

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Automotive Industry

Activated carbon products are used in the automotive industry to stop gasoline vapors from escaping in the atmosphere. Activated carbon is used in the vehicle to absorb fuel emissions. It absorbs different odors and chemicals to maintain a fine atmosphere inside the vehicles. Buy activated carbon from JMB chemicals which are effective for automotive Industry.

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Protective Equipment


Our activated carbon provides the best protection against hazardous gases and particles that harm your health. Our products are used for the military and laboratory. Activated carbon products used for respirators and apparel can protect against chemical, nuclear and biological agents.

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Petrochemicals Catalyst

Activated carbon products have a variety of applications in the petrochemical industry. Activated carbon products are used to improve the quality of the products. Mainly they are used to remove hydrogen sulfide removal and recover gasoline vapors, benzene, and solvents.

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Cigarette Filters


Coconut shell-based activated carbons are used for cigarette filter applications. They are effective in absorbing harmful particles of cigarette smoke. The activated carbon collects harmful particles such as nicotine and tar and improves the filtration process.

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Soil Remediation

Activated carbon is effective for removal of any contamination from the soil, reducing pollutant and odor emissions. Activated carbon can remove harmful particles from microbes and plants effectively. Thus used to remove harmful particles and reduce the health risks associated with the soil.

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